What Is Aristotle’S Moral Theory?

What are Aristotle’s moral virtues?

Aristotle.

Moral virtues are exemplified by courage, temperance, and liberality; the key intellectual virtues are wisdom, which governs ethical behaviour, and understanding, which is expressed in scientific endeavour and contemplation..

What does Aristotle say about good life?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life. This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult.

What is the human good according to Aristotle?

Aristotle begins the Nicomachean Ethics by emphasizing that the virtuous person should understand the nature of the best good achievable by humans in action, something Aristotle calls the “human good.” In Nicomachean Ethics I 7, he defines the human good as “activity of the soul on the …

What is the major contribution of Aristotle?

Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, who made important contributions to logic, criticism, rhetoric, physics, biology, psychology, mathematics, metaphysics, ethics, and politics. He was a student of Plato for twenty years but is famous for rejecting Plato’s theory of forms.

What are the three capacities of the human soul according to Aristotle?

Aristotle defines the soul and explains the activities of living things by laying out three defining capacities of the soul: nutrition, perception, and intellect. He then uses these three fundamental capacities to account for further abilities such as locomotion and imagination (phantasia).

Where in the body is the soul located?

The soul or atman, credited with the ability to enliven the body, was located by ancient anatomists and philosophers in the lungs or heart, in the pineal gland (Descartes), and generally in the brain.

What is Aristotle’s theory of the soul?

A soul, Aristotle says, is “the actuality of a body that has life,” where life means the capacity for self-sustenance, growth, and reproduction. If one regards a living substance as a composite of matter and form, then the soul is the form of a natural—or, as Aristotle sometimes says, organic—body.

How does Aristotle define moral responsibility?

Aristotle’s view of moral responsibility is similar to Plato’s in that it concentrates on the role of knowledge in taking the proper course of action. … The concepts of voluntary and involuntary are primarily the product of an analysis of the efficient cause and derivatively of the final causes of an agent’s action.

What is the highest virtue according to Aristotle?

For Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).

What are the 12 virtues of Aristotle?

Aristotle’s 12 virtues: Courage – bravery. Temperance – moderation. Liberality – spending. Magnificence – charisma, style. Magnanimity – generosity. Ambition – pride. Patience – temper, calm. Friendliness – social IQ.More items…•

What are the 3 types of soul according to Aristotle?

the three types of soul are the nutritive soul, the sensible soul, and the rational soul. The nutritive soul is the first and most widely shared among all living things. For it can be said that anything that takes in nutrition, grows from this nutrition, and eventually decays over time has a soul.